Highlights from the collection

The Hash Marihuana & Hemp Museum collection consists of over 12,000 cannabis related items. From cultivation to consumption, from ancient ritual to modern medicine, every aspect of cannabis in human culture is represented in some way.

Since the inception of the museum in 1985, the collection has grown steadily over the years. At present the collection is made up of historic and modern objects, relating to the past, present and future of medicinal marihuana, the history of hemp, the prohibition of cannabis, or the spiritual and cultural properties of the cannabis plant. The sections devoted to marihuana and hash, industrial hemp, medicine, and popular culture have expanded, and multimedia exhibits were added, with short films devoted to the political, historical, and industrial aspects of cannabis.

During your visit to the museums in Amsterdam and Barcelona you can see, for example: unique old master paintings by contemporaries of Rembrandt, antique devices used for hemp processing, botanical prints depicting marihuana and industrial hemp, atmospheric photos of hash making in various cultures, pipes from all over the world, nineteenth century medicinal cannabis bottles, rare 'Reefer Madness' books from the fifties, hemp ropes, old and modern textiles, pop culture paraphernalia (think of Cheech & Chong), state of the art bioplastic made of hemp fibre, etc. Prepare to be staggered by the enormous scope of the collection.

The unique status of the museum as a treasure-house of information has led to generous loans and donations from researchers and cannabis aficionados from all over the world. Please let us know if you would like to contribute to our collection.

Christopher Columbus

The base of the Columbus monument in Barcelona is richly decorated with weed leaves. What is the connection between Columbus and cannabis?

Collection Hash Marihuana & Hemp Museum

Trendsetters in early Japan wore outfits made from hemp.

High on Nano

Thanks to a generous donation by the Dutch chemist Dr. Willem Mulder, the Hash Marihuana & Hemp Museum was able to enrich its collection with a surfboard made from hemp fibres. 

Collection Hash Marihuana & Hemp Museum

In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the daimyo, the warlords of feudal Japan encouraged the vassals to grow cannabis.

Collection Hash Marihuana & Hemp Museum

Popeye, one of the most famous cartoon characters of all times, might have been a cannabis lover. 

Collection Hash Marihuana & Hemp Museum

Before the First World War, German farmers were encouraged to grow hemp to aid in the return of a self-sufficient German economy.

Collection Hash Marihuana & Hemp Museum

Since the eighteenth century, Russia was the largest hemp producer in the world.

Collection Hash Marihuana & Hemp Museum

Hemp for Victory is a short propaganda film by the United States Department of Agriculture from 1942.

Collection Hash Marihuana & Hemp Museum

Hash cafés were widespread in Greece, as French author Francis Carco learned during a visit to Athens in 1932.

Collection Hash Marihuana & Hemp Museum

In the Netherlands, the history of smoking cannabis goes back centuries as can be clearly seen in this picture.

Spinning hemp

Industrial hemp has been cutivated for centuries in France. This antique postcard is a romantic testimony of this often overlooked part of hemp history.

Collection Hash Marihuana & Hemp Museum

The late Mr Nice was Europe’s most successful cannabis smuggler.


“Cannabis is worse than opium, morphine or cocaine, (…) because it arouses the most dreadful and sinister passions in people.” Find out who thought so in Cuba in 1937.

Traditionally, hemp was cultivated in the region around Valencia on the east coast of Spain.

Did you know that industrial hemp is one of the oldest agricultural crops on earth? Learn all about the industrial use of hemp in our museums.

It is traditionally believed that the painting shows the artist, Adriaen Brouwer, with his friends.

The museum has a sizeable collection of unusual paintings, prints, drawings and photographs of people smoking: men and women, in their early twenties to eighties, from all walks of life.

Metal pipe from Africa.

The pipe was and is a favorite tool for smoking marihuana or hash. The museum collection includes a few hundred pipes, old and modern. The most beautiful are displayed in Amsterdam and Barcelona.

Sails, rigging and ropes were made from hemp fibre.

Would the Netherlands have become an economic power in the Golden Age without hemp? The shipping industry certainly could not have survived without this plant 

Hash Marihuana & Hemp Museum collection.

Cannabis has long been smoked for recreational purposes, as our paintings and prints of smokers, produced by famous contemporaries of Rembrandt, depict so vividly

Pills with cannabis extract, made in New York.

Cannabis was widely used as an ingredient in nineteenth century medicine, during the golden age of its therapeutic use. The museums house a unique collection of cannabis medicine bottles.

The term Reefer Madness (derived from this film) often refers to the earliest years of the prohibition of marijuana, or to contemporary unfounded anti-cannabis claims of a hysterical nature.

Hash, marijuana and hemp are illegal in many countries. There has been a global War on Drugs for 80 years now. The museum also illustrates the history of prohibition.

Sergio Garcia

A recent addition to the collection is the sculpture “I Don’t Mean To Be Blunt” (2014) by the American artist/designer Sergio Garcia (1978).